Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

What is Title VI?

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 addressed discrimination in most areas of public life in the U.S.

  • Title VI states:
    “No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.”

  • Federal Transit Administration (FTA):
    Monitors transit providers for Title VI compliance; new circular issued October 1, 2012 provides guidance for transit agencies receiving federal funds

Why is Title VI Important?

  • Ensures that public services, including transportation, are provided in an equitable and nondiscriminatory manner
  • Requires opportunities for public participation in decision-making without regard to race, color, or national origin, including populations with Limited English Proficiency (LEP)
  • Provides access to public services by LEP populations

Major Service Change Policy

Broward County Transit considers a change in transit service to be a Major Service Change when any of the following criteria are met:

  1. Any permanent change in transit fares or fare media.
  2. Any permanent change in service to a route (except Express) affecting 25 percent or more of the route miles and/or weekly revenue miles.
  3. Any permanent change in service to an Express route affecting 50 percent or more of the route miles and/or weekly revenue miles.
  4. Implementing headway adjustments of more than 15 minutes.
  5. Establishing a new transit route.
  6. Discontinuing any transit route in its entirety.

If any of the above is met, Broward County Transit shall:

  • Conduct an equity analysis, and determine if proposals would have a disproportionately high and/or adverse effect on minority and/or low-income riders.
  • Assess the alternatives available for people affected by the change.
  • Describe actions to minimize, mitigate, or offset any adverse effects.
  • Equity analysis must be reviewed and approved by Board of County Commissioners of Broward County prior to implementation.

Disparate Impact Policy

  • Determines the point when adverse effects of a fare or service change(s) are felt by minority populations
  • Adopted threshold: 15 percent cumulative impact
  • When threshold met, Broward County Transit shall take steps to avoid, minimize or mitigate impacts where practicable then re-analyze to determine whether impacts were removed

Disproportionate Burden Policy

  • Determines the point when adverse effects of a fare or service change(s) are felt by low-income populations
  • Adopted threshold: 15 percent cumulative impact
  • When threshold met, Broward County Transit shall take steps to avoid, minimize or mitigate impacts where practicable then re-analyze to determine whether impacts were removed

Documents

Questions or Comments

Contact: Transit Manager – Safety and Compliance Section, 954-357-8481

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