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Planning for Adaptation

Assessing the costs of adaptation to climate change: A critique of the UNFCCC estimates: Aug 2009. The International Institute for Environment and Development published research (111 pages) that takes another look at the estimated costs of adapting to climate change and finds that the estimates in the UN Framework Convention are significantly low. The authors suggest that some key sectors have been left out of the calculations and others have only partially been included. 

Climate Change Adaptation: Strategic Federal Planning Could Help Government Officials Make More Informed Decisions: October 2009. The US Government Accountability Office report discusses three categories of challenges faced by federal, state, and local officials in their efforts to adapt: 1) competing priorities; 2) a lack of location-specific climate projections; and 3) unclear what level of government has the responsibility to undertake what form of adaptation efforts. The document includes recommendations for action by the US Government to address each of the challenges.

Resources for the Future: Adaptation Atlas Initiative: April 2009.  The project will utilize mapping software including ArcGIS and Google Earth to capture information on both climate impacts and adaptation activities and will be able to continuously update the captured information. The Atlas will support visualization of likely regional impacts, responses that are being undertaken, and the gaps that need to be filled by scientists, policymakers, and citizens around the globe.

American Planning Association Planners Energy and Climate Change Database: This online database provides examples of communities that have taken steps to integrate energy and climate change issues into planning, states that have addressed climate change issues in plans or policies, and other relevant documents to help planners understand and address energy and climate change.

Policy Guide on Planning and Climate Change (PDF): April 2008. The American Planning Association policy guide provides planners, engaged citizens and elected officials with strategies to slow the pace of climate change and adapt to its impacts.

NOAA Local Strategies for Addressing Climate Change (PDF):  February 2009. This is a compilation of articles recently published in Coastal Services magazine, a trade journal for the nation's coastal resource managers this magazine. 
The Playbook: The Playbook is a web-based resource which provides information on developing strategies, best practices related to buildings, neighborhoods and infrastructure. It includes tips and tools that cities and counties can use to take immediate action on climate change.

Adapting to Climate Change: A Call for Federal Leadership: March 2010.  The 46 page report from the Pew Center On Global Climate Change was written by J. B. Smith, J. M. Vogel, T. L. Cruce, S. Seidel and H. A. Holsinger. While many efforts to adapt to climate change will occur at the state and local level, this report highlights the important role of the federal government in reducing the vulnerability and strengthening the resiliency of the economy and natural resources and coordinating the approach to climate change adaptation in the United States. 

Pew Center on Global Climate Change: Adaptation Planning (DOC): January 2009. This is a 33 page report on what US States and localities are doing to adapt to climate change.

Adaptation Planning – What U.S. States and Localities are Doing: August 2009. This Pew Center on Global Climate Change authored by T.L. Cruce is a 25 page update on adaptation planning efforts by both state and local governments.

A Survey of Climate Change Adaptation Planning: October 2007. This 52 page report was developed by The Heinz Center. This report provides an initial overview of adaptation strategies under development and offers insights into the methodology of their development. The report is divided into two sections: adaptation planning guidebooks and frameworks and adaptation planning efforts that are currently underway.

Shaping Climate-resilient Development, a Framework for Decision-making: 2009. This report of the Economics of Climate Adaptation Working Group (ECA) develops an economic risk/benefit methodology for assessing and planning development “in a hostile climate” (under climate change).

Good Morning, America! The Explosive U.S. Awakening to the Need for Adaptation: May 2009. This 39 page document written by S. C. Moser, addresses the issue of the great need for immediately adapting to climate change, funding concerns and issues. It provides an overview of the public, political, and scientific concern with adaptation and identifies barriers to adaptation planning and policy development.

Strategies for managing sea level rise, November 25, 2009. This article written by Laura Tam weighs the advantages and disadvantages of seven strategies to manage sea level rise.  The seven strategies are barrier, coastal armoring, elevated development, floating development, floodable development, living shorelines and managed retreat.  

California Climate Adaptation Strategy: December 2009. The 200 page comprehensive plan to guide adaptation to climate change, summarizes the latest science on how climate change could impact the state, and provides recommendations on how to manage against those threats in seven sector areas.

A Framework for Climate Change Adaptation in Hawaii: November: 2009. The purpose of the 30 page framework is to encourage and provide guidance on planning for the impacts of climate change for state, local, and federal agencies; policy makers; business; and community partners.

Getting Smart about Climate Change: 2010. This 29 page report was written by A. Read and C. Shenot of ICMA with contributions by T. McGalliard.  The document, developed with support from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, outlines nine strategies for successfully applying smart growth principles to climate concerns on the local and regional levels.

Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change: May 2010. The 325 page book from the National Research Council calls for a national adaptation strategy to support and coordinate decentralized efforts. As part of this strategy, the federal government should provide technical and scientific resources that are currently lacking at the local or regional scale, incentives for local and state authorities to begin adaptation planning, guidance across jurisdictions, shared lessons learned, and support of scientific research to expand knowledge of impacts and adaptation.   Briefing document only.

Ask the Climate Question: Adapting to Climate Change Impacts in Urban Regions: June 2009.  This 41 page report was written by A. Lowe, J. Foster and S. Winkelman with the Center for Clean Air Policy.  Urban leaders are already adapting to climate change. Local decisions on everything from street design to flood plans to water conservation efforts all have an influence on a community’s resilience in the face of climate impacts. However, in order to harness the full potential of adaptation, local leaders must consider climate impacts and responses throughout their planning process.

Foresight Panel on Environmental Effects Report (Houston-Galveston Area Council – 2008): December, 2008. This 43 page report primarily focuses on adaptation strategies local governments can employ to offset the potential impacts produced by the environmental effects of climate change.

Chicago Area Climate Change Quick Guide: Adapting to the Physical Impacts of Climate Change: March 2008.  This 34 page report was edited by Julia Parzen. The Chicago Climate Action Plan adopted in 2008 stresses the importance of both reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Chicago and preparing for climate changes that may be unavoidable.

Closing the Gaps: Disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change in developing countries: 2009. The 80 page report of the Commission on Climate Change and Development provides an overview of adaptation worldwide recognizing that taking adaptation actions today is a requirement for sustainable development tomorrow.

Coastal Climate Adaptation Website. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Coastal Services Center website focuses on adaptation-related resources, such as local and state plans, new policies, case studies, risk and vulnerability assessments, and decision-support tools. The site also provides access to basic climate science resources and has a forum where users can suggest new resources, engage in dialogue on the issues, and submit comments and questions.

Adapting to Coastal Climate Change: A Guidebook for Development Planners: 2009. This 148 page document provides a detailed treatment of climate concerns and adaptation options in coastal areas. The Guidebook was a collaborative effort of the US Agency for International Development (USAID), University of Rhode Island’s Coastal Resources Center, and International Resources Group, together with input from practitioners from multiple institutions, including the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change: 2009. Hannah Reid et al (eds) from the International Institute for Environmental and Development publish this document twice yearly to share real experiences of participatory practitioners. The articles are mostly from developing countries but may provide some examples that could be applied in other settings.

Synthesis of Adaptation Options for Coastal Areas: 2009. This 32 page EPA report This guide provides a brief introduction to key physical impacts of climate change on estuaries and a review of on the ground adaptation options available to coastal managers to reduce their systems’ vulnerability to climate change impacts.

North Carolina Sea Level Rise Risk Management Study  Feb 2009-June 2011 - On line information regarding a comprehensive review of North Carolina’s coastline and sea level rise threats. 

Nation Under Siege - Sea Level Rise at Our Doorstep. A Coastal Impact Study (PDF): September 2007. Authors E. Mazria and K. Kershner from the 2030 Research Center study the impact of sea level rise on the US coastline and then provide a two-pronged solution to avert dangerous climate change.

Greenhouse Effect and Sea Level Rise: America Starts to Prepare. This web page is devoted to providing resources and encouraging adaption to take measures to make our coastal development and ecosystems less vulnerable to a rise in sea level.

Local Land Use Response to Sea Level Rise. May 2010. This 119 report developed by the Land Use Law Center, Pace University School of Law summarizes selected local land use ordinances and regulations that include specific mention of sea level rise or that incorporate appropriate policy responses that may be used to address sea level rise.

California Climate Adaptation Strategy: December, 2009. The 200 page document describes the issues of concern to California, the importance of and principles guiding a coordinated approach to adapting to the impacts of climate change.

State and Local Governments Plan for Development of Most Land Vulnerable to Rising Sea Level along the US Atlantic Coast: 2009. This Titus et al. report on maladaptation estimates that almost 60% of the land below 1 m along the US Atlantic coast is expected to be developed. This leaves little room for the inland migration of wetlands with less than 10% of the land below 1 m set aside for conservation. 

The Impacts of Sea-level Rise on the California Coast: March 2009.  This paper from the California Climate Change Center prepared by the Pacific Institute concludes that sea-level rise will inevitably change the character of the California coast, and that adaptation strategies must be evaluated, tested, and implemented if the risks identified in the report are to be reduced or avoided.

Seattle's Comprehensive Plan - Environmental Element/Climate Change: 2005. This is a 6 page excerpt of Seattle's Comprehensive Plan focusing on the elements on environmental and climate change.

'Stationarity is Dead' -- Long Live Transformation: Five Principles for Climate Change Adaptation Law: May 2009. R.K. Robin argues in this Harvard Environmental Law Review  article for a principled flexibility model of climate change adaptation law to pursue goals of increasing the resilience and adaptive capacity of social-ecological systems. In so doing, it lays out five principles and several sub-principles for the law of environmental regulation and natural resources management.  Abstract
King County, WA Comprehensive Plan 2008, Ch. 4, Environment, II. Climate Change:  2008. These are recently written comprehensive plan elements on the environmental and climate change.

New Local Planning Requirements with Florida House Bill 697:  2008. This bill establishes new local planning requirements relating to energy efficient land use patterns, transportation strategies to address greenhouse gas reductions, energy conservation, and energy efficient housing.

Broward County Comprehensive Plan:  This current version of the Broward County Comprehensive Plan.
Florida's Resilient Coasts: A State Policy Framework for Adaptation to Climate Change (PDF): 2008.  A 72-page book providing a foundation for the issues facing Florida related to climate change and offering a framework for solutions.

Florida and Climate Change -The Cost of Inaction (PDF): November 2007. E.A. Stanton and F. Ackerman authored this 104 page report which was a collaboration between Tufts University Global Development and Environment Institute and Stockholm Environment Institute-US Center. It provides an overview of impacts to the economy of industry and infrastructure, hurricane impacts, and ecosystem impacts. 

Florida 2060 - A population distribution Scenario for the State of Florida (PDF): August 2006. This is a 25 page report by 1,000 Friends of Florida describing population distribution for 2020. 2040, and 2060 and land use allocation. 

Florida Green Building Coalition:  This website which discusses current trends in green building.

Adaptive Response Planning to Sea Level Rise in Florida and Implications for Comprehensive and Public Facilities Planning: September, 2007.  This 51 page report was written Robert E. Deyle, Katherine C. Bailey and Anthony Matheny of the Florida Planning and Development Lab, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University and discusses planning issues associated with sea level rise.


Resilient Coasts: A Blueprint for Action 2009. This 9 page report was developed by the Heinz Center and Ceres (a national network of investors, environmental organizations and other public interest groups working with companies and investors to address sustainability challenges such as global climate change.) The report identifies Resilient Coasts Principles.

From risk to Opportunity 2008- Insurer Response to Climate Change. This 100 page Ceres report explores the insurance industry's significant progress in developing wide-ranging products and services to help global consumers and businesses reduce their exposure to climate change - and to reduce the emissions causing global warming. In recognition of the serious threats climate change poses to the industry and society at large, the report also identifies areas where the industry could demonstrate greater leadership in product innovation, investment, risk modeling and public policy.

Major Tipping Points in the Earth's Climate System and Consequences for the Insurance Sector. Nov 2009. This 97 page report written by Allainz and the World Wildlife Fund states climate change will unfold rapidly once a tipping-point has been reached and the ensuing changes to the earth's systems will become irreversible by 2050. The report examines scenarios caused by climate change.

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