The Rivers of America

Index of Artists
Index of Authors
Index of Titles, Sub-Titles, and Series Titles
Selected Bibliography

A Selected Exhibition
of Books from the
Collection of Carol Fitzgerald

September 26-December 5, 1997
Edited by James A. Findlay

Curated by
Carol Fitzgerald and James A. Findlay

The Dianne and Michael Bienes Special Collections and Rare Book Library
Broward County Main Library, 6th Floor
100 S. Andrews Avenue, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301
This exhibit was made possible by the generous support of the Broward Public Library Foundation.
© 1997. Bienes Center for the Literary Arts, The Dianne and Michael Bienes Special Collections and Rare Book Library, Broward County Library, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301.




Collector's Statement


The Northeast

The Southeast

The Midwest

The West

The Panama Canal Zone

Florida Rivers

Selected Bibliography

The Rivers of America series Chronology

Index of Authors

Index of Artists

Index of Titles, Sub-titles, and Series Titles34

Index of Publishers


The Brandywine, by Henry Seidel Canby

Adequate words to describe the contribution Carol Fitzgerald has made to this project simply do not exist. On very short notice and with uncommon grace, she juggled a full-time job, family and social obligations, and the preparation of the manuscript for her forthcoming book, with my request to help develop the exhibition and its catalog. And she did it all with admirable self-assurance and aplomb.
Carol Fitzgerald's love for books is obvious and commendable. She is a graduate of the University of Mississippi, a long-time supporter of Broward County Library and the Bienes Center for the Literary Arts, an active member of the Broward Public Library Foundation, The Fontaneda Society: Book Collectors of South Flori da, and The Grolier Club. By collecting, studying, and interpreting the books and other documents that went into the making of The Rivers of America series, she leaves the community with a permanent record of a small but important portion of twentieth-century American publishing history.
Additional thanks are extended to Margaret Bing, Bienes Center cataloger/curator for her daily help in assembling and mounting the exhibition, and to the Broward Public Library Foundation for its continued support and encouragement.

Few occasions exist for a rare book library to showcase and document a collection of books, manuscripts, and artifacts as comprehensive and as neglected as The Rivers of America series.
The sixty-five books in the series were published from 1937-1974, by Farrar and Rinehart (1937-1946) and its successors: Rine hart & Company (1946-1960); Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960-1974). Constance Lindsay Skinner [1877-1939] was the general editor from 1937-1939. The series editors who succeeded her were Stephen Vincent Benét [1898-1943], Carl Carmer [1893-1976], and Hervey Allen [1889-1949]. During the life of the series, there were also two associate editors: Elizabeth L. Gilman and Jean Crawford; and four art editors: Ruth E. Anderson, Faith Ball, Benjamin Feder, and Philip Fiorello.
Assembled over the past eleven years and gleaned from Carol Fitzgerald's large and encyclopedic collection, the exhibition highlights 103 books, drawings, and other printed materials. In honor of the 50th anniversary of the publication of The Everglades: river of grass by Marjory Stoneman Douglas, the display showcases it, along with three other Florida rivers: Suwannee River and The St. Johns, and a later title about the Hillsborough, River of the Golden Ibis.
Constance Lindsay Skinner originated the idea for the series, and in a bid to make it special, recommended that the authors be "novelists and poets" and the illustrators be "professional artists". She and her heirs achieved their goal with great success with such titles as: The Everglades: river of grass, by Marjory Stoneman Douglas, illustrated by Robert Fink; The Brandywine, by Henry Seidel Canby, illustrated by Andrew Wyeth; and The Sangamon, by Edgar Lee Masters, illustrated by Lynd Ward. The sixty-five original titles were published by Farrar and Rinehart and its successors from 1937-1974, but the collection also contains almost all known variant, special, commemorative, foreign, and Armed Services editions.
In her quest to gather the materials of the series, Carol Fitzgerald has demonstrated an extraordinary degree of perseverance and determination. For her, it has been an exhausting yet richly satisfying venture. Her interest in collecting the titles began casually in 1986, but soon developed into a near-obsession. Quickly she discovered a small network of book dealers with a special interest in the series, cultivated contacts with publishers, and wrote numerous letters to authors, illustrators, and editors. In the end, her efforts to document for posterity the making of the 65-volume series have been herculean.
Shortly, the results of Carol Fitzergald's carefully detailed and scholarly research will be presented in the publication of a bibliography and history of the series. We will all be enriched by her endeavor.
James A. Findlay, Librarian

Collector's Statement
I bought my first Rivers of America book, The St. Johns: A Parade of Diversities, by Branch Cabell and A.J. Hanna, at the Miami Book Fair in 1986. At the time I had no intention of starting a collection, although I was acquainted with some of the Rivers books, most notably another Florida-based work, Everglades: River of Grass, by the incomparable Marjory Stoneman Douglas. I simply intended the St. Johns to be a Christmas gift for my sister, Jeannie, who lives just off the St. Johns River in Jacksonville.

As I was paying for the book, a friend who was with me, Bill Hale, the Georgetown rare book dealer, said he thought the Rivers of America series would make an interesting collection. I am sure that for him this was just a passing thought, but the seed had been planted and I found another Christmas gift for my sister. The St. Johns occupied a lonely place on my bookshelf for about a year until one day in San Francisco when I found two other fine books in the series: The Arkansas and The Brandywine. That was the real beginning of what has become a ten-year labor of love.

The early years were spent in searching book dealers' shelves for other volumes in the series, telephoning and writing to dealers around the country, and puzzling out the series' tangled publishing record. It was not long before I realized that there was no Rivers bibliography and no series history. I was not even sure how many books there were in the series. How could I possibly collect them without a comprehensive listing?

In time, although I determined that the Rivers series comprises sixty-five titles, I continued to encounter variant printings—a few English and Canadian editions, some specially illustrated editions, some children's editions, some paperbacks—and some odd variant dust jackets. I realized there was much more to the series than the sixty-five titles I had identified.

As my collection grew, so did my interest in the men and women who had produced the series. In 1991, I began writing to any Rivers author, illustrator, or editor I could find, asking about their roles in the series. My first reply came from William D. Ellis, author of The Cuyahoga, who sent a card promising me some information after he "exhumed" his old files. He did so in short order, and the information he sent gave me invaluable insight into the selection of authors, editors, and publishers.

Margaret Sanborn, author of the last book in the series, The American: River of El Dorado, wrote a beautiful letter to me, recounting how she came to write her book. Near Taos, New Mexico, my husband and I spent a memorable hour with the late Frank Waters and his wife, Barbara, while this towering figure of Western literature reminisced about his writing of The Colorado. I was simply astounded at the information I received—some of it scholarly, some funny, all of it valuable. In 1992, I decided to write a definitive bibliography of the series. To do this properly, I thought, would require me to examine every printing of every Rivers book. I decided to collect them all.

At first, my dealer friends found it amusing that I should be interested, for example, in a twelfth printing of The Hudson (there is one), but they soon caught the spirit of the search, and a flood of Rivers books began to arrive. It was fascinating to catalog the reprints, and to my delight I found their dust jackets to be vivid reflections of the times in which they were printed. During World War II, for example, many Rivers works were reissued as War Editions. Their dust jackets carry the notice WAR EDITION - Complete text - Reduced size - In accordance with paper conservation orders of the War Production Board. Many of the dust jackets carried advertisements exhorting readers to invest in War Bonds. During those years four Rivers works were published as Armed Services Editions. In time I assembled a complete collection of first editions, in dust jackets, in very good or better condition; all thirteen of the signed, limited editions; and many other firsts which had been signed or inscribed.

Moving beyond conventional bibliography, I decided that there was a story to tell and history to preserve. I began to compose biographies of the authors, editors, and illustrators. Now—some six years later—I have finished the bibliographical description of more than 350 editions and printings of Rivers books, written a publishing history of the series, and completed biographical sketches of its sixty authors, fifty-five illustrators, and perhaps a dozen editors and publishers. My Rivers collection now stands at more than three hundred volumes, including nearly every printing of every edition. Although my collection may never be complete, like many book collectors I dream of finding that last, elusive printing.

My most precious book? It took me nine years to find a copy of the Delaware Edition of The Brandywine. This edition was limited to 650 copies and signed by the author, Henry Seidel Canby, and the illustrator, Andrew Wyeth. Wyeth was twenty-three at the time and The Brandywine was the first book he illustrated. But my favorite, which is especially precious to me, is the leather-bound copy of The St. Croix which was presented to James Taylor Dunn, the author, by the publishers, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, in 1965. The book is signed by both the author and the illustrator, Gerald Hazzard. Mr. Dunn, who has become a good friend, gave me this book, affectionately inscribed, in 1995.

Today, more than a third of the sixty-five books in the series are still in print, mostly through the efforts of university and regional presses. But The Rivers of America series will always be seen as the product of Farrar & Rinehart, Rinehart & Company, and Holt, Rinehart and Winston. The series stands, and for me, at least, it continues to be well worth collecting. It is the unique account of a voyage upon the "rivers of America," written, illustrated, and edited by a talented and distinguished group of men and women during a time of unparalleled popular interest in America. Their words live on. I am only the collector.

Carol Fitzgerald

All items in the exhibition have been lent by Carol Fitzgerald.

When appropriate, the author's name appears first, followed by title, sub-title, edition statement, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, format or pagination, size (height by width), and notes, including illustrator and designer.


[1]The history, lore and legend of The Rivers of America and of its people told in a series of books edited by Stephen Vincent Benét and Carl Carmer, and published by Farrar and Rinehart, New York.

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1942.

1 map (photomechanical color reproduction): 70 x 111 cm.

(Map designed by Ernest Clegg [1876- ]. Photomechanical reproduction made from original in the collections of Cleveland Public Library).

[2]The Rivers of America bookThe history, lore and legend of The Rivers of America and of its people told in a series of books edited by Stepehn Vincent Benét and Carl Carmer, and published by Farrar and Rinehart - New York.

[New York: Farrar and Rinehart, n.d.]

[16] p.: 21.5 x 13.5

(Advertising brochure. Cover title. Illustrated, with map. "There is available a beautiful six color map of the United States, 45 inches by 28 inches, drawn and printed especially for the Rivers of America. The publishers are glad to offer this map in connection with the books in the series. For details write to Farrar & Rinehart, 232 Madison Avenue, New York City" — p. [11].

"A full scale color section of the map for The Rivers of America" - 13.5 x 20.5 — laid in).

[3]Constance Lindsay Skinner [1877-1939]: author and editor: sketches of her life and character, with a checklist of her writings and the "Rivers of America" Series. [1st ed.]

[New York]: Women's National Book Association, 1980.

83 p.: 20 x 13.5

(Illustrated, with portraits. General editor, Ann Heidbreder Eastman; contributors, Dorothy D. Adams, Marilyn Norstedt, Helen Hoke Watts).

[4] Carmer, Carl 1893-1976, editor.

Songs of the Rivers of America. [1st ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1942.

196 p.: 31.5 x 23.5 cm.

(Music arranged by Dr. Albert Sirmay. "...illustrations ... originally appeared in the Rivers of America series"—p. [ii]. In dustjacket, with illustration by Stow Wengenroth [1906-1978] from "The Hudson" by Carl Carmer [1893-1976] on cover).




Dietz, Lew, 1907-1997.

The Allagash. 1st. ed.

New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1968.

264 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by George Loh [1925- ]. Bibliography: p. 257-259. Index: p. 260-264. In dustjacket. Signed by author).


Way, Frederick, Jr, 1901-1992.

The Allegheny. [1st ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1942.

280 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Henry Pitz [1895-1976]. Index: p. 273-280. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers).


Canby, Henry Seidel, 1878-1961.

The Brandywine. [1st ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1941.

285 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Andrew Wyeth [1917- ]. Selected bibliography: p. 269-2711. Index: p. 273-285. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers).


Canby, Henry Seidel, 1878-1961.

The Brandywine. [Special Delaware ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1941.

285 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Andrew Wyeth [1917- ]. Selected bibliography: p. 269-271, Index: p. 273-285. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers. This special Delaware edition of The Brandywine is printed exclusively for the Greenwood Book Shop, and is limited to 650 copies, each signed by the author and the artist. This is number 233).


Tourtellot, Arthur Bernon, 1913-1977.

The Charles. [1st ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1941.

356 p.: 21.5 x 14.5 cm.

(Illustrated by Ernest J. Donnelly [1900?-1973]. Bibliography: p. 343-348. Index: p. 351-356. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers).


Hard, Walter, 1882-1966.

The Connecticut.

[New York]: Rinehart, 1947?

[4] p.: 22 x 14 cm.

(Advertising brochure, with order form. Illustrated by Douglas W. Gorsline [1913-1985]).


Hard, Walter, 1882-1966.

The Connecticut. [1st ed.]

New York: Rinehart, 1947.

310 p.: 21 x 14.5

(Illustrated by Douglas W. Gorsline [1913-1985]. Bibliography: p. 299-301. Index: p. 303-310. In dustjacket).


Wildes, Harry Emerson, 1890-1982.

The Delaware. [1st ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1940.

398 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Irwin D. Hoffman [1901-1989]. Acknowledgements and bibliography: p. 369-381. Index: p. 383-398. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers).


Clune, Henry W., 1890-1995.

The Genesee. 1st ed.

New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963.

338 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Douglas Gorsline [1913-1985]. Bibliography: p. [319]-325. Index: p. [327]-338. In dustjacket. Signed by the author).

#14The Hudson by Carl Carmer

Carmer, Carl, 1893-1976.

The Hudson. [1st ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1939.

434, [435-447] p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Stow Wengenroth [1906-1978]. Bibliography: p. 408-421. Index: p.423-434. Rivers and American folk, by Constance Lindsay Skinner [1877-1939], p. [435-447]. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers).


Carmer, Carl, 1893-1976.

The Hudson. Armed Services ed.

New York: Editions for the Armed Services; published by arrangement with Murray Hill Books, 1939.

351 p.: 11.5 x 16.5 cm.

(Armed Services Edition; #806. "About the author by Carl Carmer" p: 351-[352]. "Overseas edition for the Armed Forces. Distributed by the Special Services Division, A.S.F., for the Army, and by the Bureau of Naval Personnel for the Navy. U.S. Government property. Not for sale. Published for the Armed Services, Inc., a non-profit organization established by the Council on Books in Wartime" -- on cover. Paperbound).


Carmer, Carl, 1893-1976.

The Hudson. 1st [British] ed.

London, England: William Hodge, 1951.

434 p.: 22.5 x 15 cm.

(Illustrated by Stow Wengenroth [1906-1978]. Bibliography: p. 408-421. Index: p. 423-434. In dustjacket [by] McLaren).


Carmer, Carl, 1893-1976.

The Hudson River. 1st ed.

New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1962.

114 p.: 23 x 17 cm.

(Written for young people. Illustrated by Rafaello Busoni [1900- ]. "About the author": p. [416]. In dustjacket. Signed by the author).


Carmer, Carl, 1893-1976.

The Hudson. Rev. ed.

New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1968.

342 p.: 26.5 x 18.5 cm.

(Illustrated Rivers of America Series. Index: p. 334-342. "All illustrations are nineteenth-century engravings, collected from the files of the New York Public Library print collection."- p. [iv]. In dustjacket. Pictorial cloth binding) .


Smith, Chard Powers, 1894-1977.

The Housatonic: Puritan River. [1st ed.]

New York: Rinehart, 1946.

532 p.: 21 x 14.5 cm.

(Illustrated by Armin Landeck [1905-1984]. Bibliography: p. 515- 522. Index: p. 523-532. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers).


Coffin, Robert P. Tristram, 1892-1955.

Kennebec: cradle of Americans. [1st ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1937.

292 p.: 21 x 14.5 cm.

(Illustrated by Maitland de Gogorza [1896-1941]. Index: p. 285- 292. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers. Signed by the author).


Holden, Raymond P., 1894-1972.

The Merrimack. [1st ed.]

New York: Rinehart, 1958.

306 p.: 21 x 14.5 cm.

(Illustrated by Aaron Kessler [1934- ]. Bibliography: p. 289- 296. Index: p. 297-306. In dustjacket. Inscribed by the illustrator).

#22The Mohawk by Codman Hislop

Hislop, Codman, 1906-1995.

The Mohawk. [1st ed.]

New York: Rinehart, 1948.

367 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Letterio Calapai [1902- ]. Bibliography: p. 339-350. Index: p. 351-367. Designed by Stefan Salter [1907- ]. In dustjacket. Inscribed by the author).


Bissell, Richard, 1913-1977.

The Monongahela. [1st ed.]

New York: Rinehart, 1952.

239 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by John O'Hara Cosgrave II [1908-1968]. Bibliography: p. 231-233. Index: p. 235-239. In dustjacket).


Braider, Donald, 1923-1976.

The Niagara. 1st ed.

New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1972.

294 p.:21 x 14.5 cm.

(Illustrated with 28 line drawings and maps credited to the Power Authority of the State of New York and the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. Selected bibliography: p. 277-278. Index: p. 279-294. Designer, Ernst Reichl [1900- ]. In dustjacket, reproduced on cover: Niagara Falls by Edward Hicks, oil on wood, c.1835. Jacket design by Winston Potter. Inscribed by the author).


Gutheim, Frederick, 1908-1993.

The Potomac. [Special Limited National Capital Sesquicentennial Edition].

New York: Rinehart, 1949.

436 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Mitchell Jamieson [1915-1976]. Bibliographical notes: p. 399-413. Index: p. 414-436. Designed by Stefan Salter 1907- ]. In dustjacket. Pictorial endpapers. "This book is one of a Special Limited National Capital Sesquicentennial Edition of The Potomac". Signed by the author).


Gutheim, Frederick, 1908-1993.

The Potomac. Rev. ed.

New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1968.

344 p.: 26 x 18.5 cm.

(Illustrated Rivers of America Series. Illustrated with woodcuts by Mitchell Jamieson [1915-1976] and historic prints. Bibliographical notes: p. 313-324. Index: p. 325-344. In dustjacket. Pictorial cloth binding [by] J.[ohn] Filmer [1836?- ]).


Footner, Hulbert, 1879-1944.

Rivers of the Eastern Shore: seventeen Maryland rivers. [1st ed.]

New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1944.

375 p.: 21 x 14 cm.

(Illustrated by Aaron Sopher [1905-1972]. Sources