Acknowledgements
Introduction
Marvellous counties and lands
Who Discovered Florida?
Historical Data Concerning Florida
The Gulf Stream
America
Collecting Old Maps
Map Printing Methods
Latitude and Logitude
Exhibition Checklist
Glossary/Bibliography

 

Exhibition Checklist

Maps 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14
15 | 16 | 16.5 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 19.5 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36
37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46

Arrangement is chronological by the earliest date. When identified, the following elements are given: original date, reprint date, format, language(s), responsibility (including corporate or personal name), title, full statement of responsibility, edition, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, collation description, illustration statement, size (height x width x depth), ownership or source of loan and notes.

#1

1492 German Map1482 (1989) [Map (facsimile) : German]
Schnitzer, Johann
Hol, Lienhart

Die Weltkarte des Ptolemäus / Holzschnitt von Johannes Schnitzer; gedruckt von Lienhart Holle. - Stuttgart: Schuler-Verlag, 1989. - colored map; 51 x 69.5 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: "Bestell-Nummer 443. - "Holzschnitt von Johannes Schnitzer aus Armsheim. - Gedruckt von Lienhart Holle in Ulm 1482."]

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#2

1500 (1959) [Map (facsimile): Portuguese : English]
La Cosa, Juan de, fl. 1500

The oldest map of the New World / [Juan de la Cosa, fl. 1500] - New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1959, 1500] - col. map; 47 x 60 cm. (framed, 62 x 71.5 x 2.5 cm.) - Private collection.

[Notes: Pictorial map with historical notes. - Painted by Juan de la Cosa. - "Reproduced by American Heritage, the Magazine of History, from Jomard's "Les Monuments de la Geographie," Paris, 1862, pl. 16, nos. 1-2; courtesy the Map Division, The New York Public Library. Lithographed in Holland."]

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#3

1502 French Map1502 [Map (facsimile) : French]
Cantino, Alberto, fl. 1502

Fragment du planisphére envoyé de Lisbonne à Hercule d'Este duc de Ferrare avant le 19 novembre 1502 / par Alberto Cantino de la grandeur de l'original (Biblioteca Estense à Modène) . . . Paris: Ernest Leroux éditeur, 1883, 1502. - colored map ; 22.5 x 48 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: Shows Atlantic Ocean between western Europe, western Africa, West Indies, and eastern Brazil]

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#4

1507 Latin Map1507 (No reprint date) [Map (facsimile) : Latin]
Waldseemüller, Martin, 1470-1521?

Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomae traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorv. que lustrationes / [Martin Waldseemüller] - [S.l.: s.n.1507] - map; 67 x 125 cm.

[Notes: Relief shown pictorially. - Reproduction of first map containing the word "America," year 1507 by Martin Waldseemüller. - Waldseemüller's world map 1507. - "This was the first map to use the term "America" as a name for the Western Hemisphere. Waldseemüller, a German mapmaker, thought that Amerigo Vespucci was the first person to describe the Western Hemisphere as a new continent, so he named it after him. Also shown on this map and the smaller inset at the top is Florida. Note that this map predates Ponce de Leon's so-called discovery of Florida by six years. The cordiform ("heart shaped") projection was one popularized by Ptolmy that gives a good representation of the globe on a flat surface. The similar modern "Amadillo projection" (called so because of its resemblance to the animal) is in use today." - Prepared by Joseph H. Fitzgerald]

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#5

1515 Latin Mapca. 1515 (1991) [Map (facsimile) : Latin]
Leonardo, da Vinci, 1452-1519
Kretschmer, Konrad, b. 1864

Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde
Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin
Globus-Karte des Leonardo da Vinci (um 1515). map; 20.5 in diam. - Private collection.

[Notes: In: Die historischen karten zur Entdeckung Amerikas: Atlas nach Konrad Kretschmer = Historical maps of the discovery of America . . . / herausgegeben vom Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde, in Zusammenarbeit mit der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin; [Gesamt-Red. Oswald Dreyer-Eimbcke]. - Frankfurt am Main: Umschau, 1991. - 1 atlas (118 p., [40] leaves of plates : ill., col. maps; 51 cm, in slipcase 52 x 37 cm. - Text and added title page in English, German, Portuguese, and Spanish. - Rev. reprint of the 1892 original . . . -- Published to commemorate the quincentennial of the discovery of America. - Includes bibliographical references.]

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#6

1519 Spanish Mapca. 1519 (1991) [Map (facsimile) : Spanish]
Kretschmer, Konrad, b. 1864

Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde
Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin
Karte des Mexikanischen Golfes (nach Pineda?). map; 18 x 21 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: In: Die historischen karten zur Entdeckung Amerikas: Atlas nach Konrad Kretschmer = Historical maps of the discovery of America . . . / herausgegeben vom Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde, in Zusammenarbeit mit der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin; [Gesamt-Red. Oswald Dreyer-Eimbcke]. - Frankfurt am Main: Umschau, 1991. - 1 atlas (118 p., [40] leaves of plates : ill., col. maps; 51 cm, in slipcase 52 x 37 cm. - Text and added title page in English, German, Portuguese, and Spanish. - Rev. reprint of the 1892 original . . . -- Published to commemorate the quincentennial of the discovery of America. - Includes bibliographical references.]

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#7

1520 Portuguese Mapca. 1520 (1991) [Map (facsimile) : Portuguese]
Kretschmer, Konrad, b. 1864

Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde
Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin
[Portuguese chart, c. 1520] - map; 27 x 31.5 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: In: Die historischen karten zur Entdeckung Amerikas: Atlas nach Konrad Kretschmer = Historical maps of the discovery of America . . . / herausgegeben vom Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde, in Zusammenarbeit mit der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin; [Gesamt-Red. Oswald Dreyer-Eimbcke]. - Frankfurt am Main: Umschau, 1991. - 1 atlas (118 p., [40] leaves of plates : ill., col. maps; 51 cm, in slipcase 52 x 37 cm. - Text and added title page in English, German, Portuguese, and Spanish. - Rev. reprint of the 1892 original . . . -- Published to commemorate the quincentennial of the discovery of America. - Includes bibliographical references.]

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#8

1545 (No reprint date) [Map (facsimile) : Latin]
Münster, Sebastian, 1489-1552

Novae insulae XXVI nova tabula / Sebastian Münster. - [S.l. : s.n., n.d.] - colored map; 30 x 38 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: "Novae insulae XXVI nova tabula, Sebastian Münster, Basel, 1545, hand-colored woodcut. Original map 25.5 cm x 34 cm." - "One of the most striking geographical features of Münster's map is the large bay separating Spanish "Terra Florida" from New France ("Francisca"). This fictitious body of water, called the Sea of Verrazzano, took its name from the Italian explorer who sighted it in 1524. While coasting off the Outer Backs of North Caroline, Giovanni da Verrazzano glimpsed Pamlico Sound which he mistakenly believed to be the Pacific Ocean. A false sea dividing North America began to appear on manuscript maps by Verrazzano and others before Münster popularized it on this printed map." - Accompanying broadside]

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#9

ca. 1577 [Map : German, Latin]
Münster, Sebastian, 1489-1552

Das erst General-inhaltend die beschzeibung und den Circfel des gantzen Erdtrichs und . . . = (Typus Orbis Universalis) / [Münster, Sebastian, 1489-1552] - [S.l.: s.n., 1577?] - map; 28 x 38.5 cm. (framed, 46 x 56 x 2.5 cm.) - Private collection.

[Notes: This is one of the "modern" maps done by Münster. The southern (austral) continent is conspicuous by its absence. All of North America is called "Terra Florida."]

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#10

1579 [Map : Latin]
Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598
Chaves, Geronimo, 1523-1574
Hurtado de Mendoza, Diego, 1503-1575

La Florida / Auctore Hieron. Chiaues; Peruuiae avriferæ regionis typus / Didáco Mendezio auctore; Gvastecan Reg. - Antverpiae; 1579. - 3 maps on 1 sheet (15 x 22 cm.; 22.5 x 33.5 cm.; 17.5 x 22 cm.): hand-colored; 33.5 x 45 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: Shows portion of Central America, northwestern South America, southern United States, and coast of Tamaulipas in Mexico. - Relief shown pictorially. - In lower left corner of plate is date 1574. - Probably p. 386 from Ortelius' Theatrvm Orbis Terrarvm, Antverpiæ, 1579. - Titles enclosed in decorative cartouches]

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#11

1591 Latin Map1591 [Map : Latin]
Bry, Theodore de, 1528-1598
Le Moyne de Morgues, Jacques, d. 1588

Floridae americae provinciae; recens & exactissima descriptio / auctore: Iacobo le Moyne cuicognomen de Morgues . . . -- [Francoforti ad Moenvm : Ioanus Wecheli, 1591] - map : 37 x 45 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: . . . published by Theodore de Bry in 1591 from a map drawn in 1564 by Jacques le Moyne. - Shows Florida, Cuba, and Bahamas. - Includes coat of arms. - "Jacques Le Moyne's map of Florida records René de Laudonnière's ill-fated effort of French Huguenots to establish a short-lived settlement on the St. Johns River (River May) in 1564. Le Moyne was an accomplished artist who had accompanied the French Protestants to Florida, making many drawings of natives and a map of the region. Although prepared shortly after Le Moyne's return to London, the drawings and map were not published until twenty-seven years later when they appeared in Theodore De Bry's Grand Voyages. The noted engraver had purchased the manuscripts from Le Moyne's widow. Le Moyne's map provides the best depiction for its time of the coastal region along the St. Johns River, the only region of Florida that he apparently explored. At the top of the map, Le Moyne included one of the earliest references to the Appalachian mountains (Montes Apalatci), named for a Florida Indian tribe first mentioned in Cabeza de Vaca's narrative of the Pánfilo de Narváez expedition to Florida in 1528. Several legendary interior lakes are tentatively sketched for the first time, two of which probably represent Lake George (Lacus squae dulcis - fresh water lake) and Lake Okeechobee (Lacus Insula Sarrope). The waterfall near "Montes Apalatci" may have been derived from Indian legends relating to Niagara Falls.While Le Moyne's map served as a foundation map for the next 50 years, its only remaining legacy is the costal name Port Royal (Portus Regalis), South Carolina." - William P. Cumming and Louis De Vorsey, Jr., The Southeast in Early Maps (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1998), 2, 5-6, 126-127. Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#12

1597 Latin Map1597 [Map : Latin]
Wytfliet, Corneille

Florida et Apalche / [Corneille Wytfliet] - [S.l. : s.n., 1597] - map; 23 x 29 cm. on sheet 31 x 37 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: Relief shown pictorially. Shows southeast U.S.]

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#13

ca. 1602 [Map : Latin]
Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598
Llwyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568

Cvliacanae, Americae regionis, descriptio. Hispaniolae, Cvbae, aliarvmqve insvlarvm circvmiacientivm, delineatio. - [Spain?; s.n., 1602?] - 2 hand-colored maps on 1 sheet; 20 x 49 cm. and 22 x 49 cm. on sheet 39 x 51.5 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: on right verso with paragraphs entitled: "Cvliacana Provincia; and Cvba y Española, p. 7 - Plate no. 8?, from Ortelius' Theatrvm orbis terrarvm, originally issued by Antverpiae apud Christophorum Plantinum in 1579.]

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#14

1631 Dutch Mapca. 1631 [Map : Dutch]
Vinckeboons, Joan

De Eylanden en Vastelanden van Westindien / [drawn by Joan Vingboons. - [S.l. : s.n., ca. 1631] - map; 51 x 73 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: "Although the Dutch never settled in Florida, the Dutch West India Company, established in 1621, confronted Spanish hegemony in the New World with trading posts and agricultural colonies extending from Hudson Bay to the Netherlands Antilles and Brazil. Joan Vingboons, a copyist for the West and East India Companies in Amsterdam, drew the two manuscript sea charts on display. They are typical of the genre, whose appearance had changed little since their development in Europe in the thirteenth century. Each chart is covered with a network of wind roses or compass stars, each with thirty-two radiating rhumb (compass) lines, which allowed a navigator "to prick off" his bearings and courses with a pair of compass dividers and a ruler. The charts also include latitude scales along both borders, a major innovation in chart construction that was introduced following the first voyages to the New World. Scales are given for Dutch, Spanish, and English distances, reflecting the differences in the length of a league among the three maritime powers of the period. The distinguishing feature of the chart of the West Indies is the gulf-like indentation of the East Coast of Florida north of Cape Canaveral, a characteristic of Dutch and French maps from the 1620s to end of the seventeenth century. Other coastal place names still current include Tampa Bay (B. Tanpa, the original spelling), Cape Florida and Key Biscayne (Caio Biscainhos). The island of Key Biscayne is shown more clearly on the chart of the Bahamas." - Derek Howse and Michael Sanderson, The Sea Chart (New York, 1973), 10; Helen M. Wallis and Arthur H. Robinson (ed.), Cartographical Innovations (St. Albans: Campfield Press, 1987), 9; Gunter Schilder, "Organization and Evolution of the Dutch East India Company's Hydrographic Office in the Seventeenth Century," Imago Mundi, 28 (1976), 61-63.--Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#15

1635 Latin Mapca. 1635 [Map : Latin]
Blaeu, Willem Janszoon, 1571-1638
Blaeu, Joan, 1596-1673

Insvlæ Americanæ in Oceano Septentrionali cum terries adiacentibus / Guiljelmus Blaeu. - [S.l.: s.n., 1662?] - hand-colored map; 38 x 52.5 cm. - Private collection.

[Note: "Ampl.mo Prud.mo Doct. moq3 Viro D. Alberto Conradi Vander Bvrch, I.C. Reip. Amfterdamenfis Senatori, Collegii Scabinorum Præfidi, Societatis Indicæ, quæ ad Occidentem militat, assessori, et nuper ad Magnum Mofcoviæ Ducem Legato, Tabulam hanc inferibit Guiljelmus Blaeu." - in lower left hand corner. - A plate from Willem and Johan Blaeu: Theatrum orbis terrarum, German edition, 1662?]

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#16

1650 Dutch Mapca. 1650 [Map : Dutch]
Vinckeboons, Joan

[Map of a part of the island of Cuba and of the Bahamas] / [drawn by Joan Vingboons] - [S.l. : s.n., ca. 1650] - hand-drawn and colored map; 51 x 73 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: See: Vinckeboons, ca. 1631]

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#16.5

1657 [Map : French]
Sanson, Nicolas, 1600-1667

La Floride / par N. Sanson d'. Abbeville, Georg. Ord.re du Roÿ - [Paris: chez l'autheur, . . . , 1657?] 1 map; 18 x 25 cm.

[Notes: IN: L'Amerique, en plusieurs cartes nouvelles, et exactes, &c . . . [1657?] - South Florida extends west to R. de Pahnas just north of Panuco and north to Virginie. The peninsula is labeled Tegesta Prov. south to C. de Florida and Martygres and the north coast of Cuba. The map extends north to L. Erie and shows coastal features and names.]

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#17

1671 [Book (pages) : English]
Ogilby, John, 1600-1676

Florida / [John Ogilby], p. 213-222. - [9] p. ; ill. (2 engravings) : 40 x 26.5 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: From: America: being the latest, and most accurate description of the New World . . . / by John Ogilby . . . -- London: Printed by the author, 1671. - 674 p. ; ill. ; 43 cm.]

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#18

ca. 1712 [Map : Latin]
Homann, Johann Baptist, 1663-1724

Planiglobii terrestris cum utroq hemisphærio cælesti generalis exhibitio : quam ex novissimis probatissinnisque recentium geographorum scriptis concinnatam, multisq phænomenis illustratam / publice proponit lo. Bapt. Homann, sac. Caes. Maj. Geographus et Reg. Scientiarum Acade. Berolinensis socius Norimbergæ. - Norimbergae: [J.B. Homann, 1712?]. - hand-colored map; 49.5 x 55 cm. (framed, 67 x 73.5 x 3.5 cm) - Private collection.

[Notes: Relief shown pictorially. - Includes text, 2 celestial insets (27 cm. in diam.), 2 insets of solstices (14 cm. in diam.), 2 panoramic views (6.5 cm. in diam.), and colored illustrations. - Also shows the prevailing directions of the trade winds.]

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#19

1720 Latin Mapca. 1720 [Map : Latin]
Lotter, Tobias Conrad, 1717-1777
Vindel, Augustæ

Mappa geographica regionem Mexicanam et Floridam terrasque adjacentes: ut et Anteriores Americæ, cursus itidem et reditus navigantium versus flumen Mississipi et alias colonias ob oculos ponens / cura et sumptibus Tobiæ Conradi Lotteri; geographi et chalcographi Augustæ Vindel; Tob con. Lotter, sculps. - [Germany?: s.n., ca. 1720] - hand-colored map; 50.5 x 69 cm. (framed, 64 x 72 x 2 cm) - Private collection.

[Notes: Relief shown pictorially]

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#19.5

1740-Frenchca. 1740 [Map : French]
Ottens, R. 1698-1750 (Reiner)

[Carte de la nouvelle France = New France] - [S.l. : s.n., n.d.] - hand-colored map; 40.5 x 48.5 cm. (framed, 56 x 67 x 2 cm.) - Private collection.

[Notes: Relief shown pictorially. - Insets: "Les costes de la Louisiane depuis la Baye de Ascension jusques acelle de St. Joseph - Les environs de Quebec - Veüe de Quebec"]

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#20

1749 [Book : English]
Gordon, Patrick, fl. 1700
Menex, John, d. 1740

Geography anatomiz'd: or, The geographical grammar. Being a short and exact analysis of the whole body of modern geography, after a new and curious method . . . / By Pat. Gordon. - 19th ed., corrected, and somewhat enlarged with a set of new maps / by Mr. Senex. - London: Printed for J. and P. Knapton [etc.], 1749. - 10 p., 1, 432 p. p., fold. maps, 20.5 x 12.5 x 4 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: Contents: Part I: A general view of the terraqueous globe, p. [1]-57; Part II, A particular view of the terraqueous globe, p. [58]-404. - Appendix, p. 405-416. - Supplement to Gordon's Grammar . . . , p. [417]-432.]

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#21

1765 English Map1765 [Map : English]
De Brahm, William Gerard

Special chart of Cape Florida belonging to the 13th Section / by William G. De Brahm. - [S.l. : s.n.], 1765. - map, 47 x 37 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: "Peninsular Florida was terra incognitae to government officials in London following the creation of the new British colony of East Florida on February 19, 1763, which the Spanish ceded in return for Cuba. One of the first acts of the British Crown was to direct William Gerard De Brahm to survey the new colony. Appointed Surveyor General for the Southern District of North America and Surveyor General of East Florida, the German trained topographical engineer conducted numerous detailed surveying and mapping expeditions from the St. Johns River to the Florida Keys from 1764 to 1771. An example of his work is this manuscript chart of Cape Florida, which was prepared in 1765. It is a fair copy reduced from field notes. Drawn in the format of a harbor chart with a decorative compass rose and rhumb lines, it includes a "profile" or cross section of Cape Florida as viewed from the sea, descriptions of the soil and vegetation, and information about soundings and water and current conditions. With De Brahm, the mapping of Florida and the American Southeast, as William P. Cummings has written, turned "from the amateur to the professional, from the general outlines of the region to topographical accuracy." His maps were published in his book, The American Pilot (London, 1771) and were extensively copied by other British publishers particularly during the American Revolution." - Louis De Vorsey, Jr., "La Florida Revealed: The De Brahm Surveys of British East Florida, 1765-1771," In Ralph E. Ehrenberg (ed.), Pattern and Process: Research in Historical Geography (Washington: Howard University Press, 1975), 87-102 p - Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#22

ca. 1779 [Map : French]
Delahaye, Guillaume Nicholas, 1725-1802
Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles, 1688-1766
Robert de Vaugondy, Didier, 1723-1786
Delamarche, Charles François, 1740-1817

Partie de la Mer du Nord où fe trouvent les grandes et petites isles Antilles, et les isles Lucayes / Par Le Sr. Robert. - [Paris: Chez Delamarche, 1779?] - hand-colored map; 48 x 61 cm. (framed, 62 x 74 x 2.5 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "Guill.' Delahaye Sculpsit." - Lower right corner. - IN: Atlas universel / par Robert, géographe, et par Robert de Vaugondy, son fils; corrigé et augmenté de la carte de la République français divisé en departments par C.F. Delamarche. - Paris: Chez Delamarche, 1779? - 1 atlas ([2], 36, [117] fold. plates: maps; 51 cm.]

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#23

1786 English Map1786 [Map : English]
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790
Poupard, James

A chart of the Gulf Stream / Remarks upon the navigation from Newfoundland to New-York. - [Philadelphia, PA: R. Aitken for the American Philosophical Society, 1786] - map; 21.5 x 35 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: Copperplate engraving by James Poupard. - Depths shown by shading. - Includes inset of North Atlantic and text: Remarks upon the navigation from Newfoundland to New-York / by B. Franklin. - Upper right margin: plate 5. - Lower margin: facing page 315. - IN: Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pa. : The Society, [1786?] 1786? vol., facing p. 315. - "The Gulf Stream is a warm ocean current rapidly flowing from the Gulf of Mexico and the Antilles through the Straits of Florida and the Bahama Channel northward along the Atlantic coast to the Grand Banks of Newfoundland and eastward towards Europe. It was the lifeline of the Spanish, French, and English empires in America and later a closely guarded secret of the American whaling industry. First discovered by Ponce de León and his chief pilot Antón de Alaminos during their voyage of exploration to Florida in 1513, the Gulf Stream was not mapped until Benjamin Franklin became interested in the subject. As Deputy Postmaster General for the American colonies in London, Franklin was concerned that mail packets sailing westward from England to New York took several weeks longer than ships sailing a more northerly course from London to Rhode Island. Drawing upon the collective experiences of Nantucket whalers and William de Brahm, the Surveyor General for the Southern District of North America, who undertook to trace the course of the Gulf Stream in 1772, Franklin drew the first map of the stream in 1768. He produced several versions of his map. The best known copy appeared in 1786 in the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, then America's preminent scientific journal. The map is accompanied by a description of the Gulf Stream from Newfoundland to New York." - Louise De Vorsey, Jr., "Pioneer Charting of the Gulf Stream," Imago Mundi, 28 (1976), 105-120. - Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#24

1792 [Map : English]
Bartram, William, 1739-1823

A map of the Coast of East Florida, from the River St. John, Southward, to near Cape Canaveral. - Philadelphia; London: Printed by James and Johnson, reprinted for J. Johnson, 1792, 1791. - map; 25 x 19.5 cm. - Bienes Center for the Literary Arts, Broward County Library.

[Notes: [1st plate, between pages xxiv & 1] - IN: [Book]: Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee country, the extensive territories of the Muscogulges, or Creek confederacy, and the country of the Chactaws : containing an account of the soil and natural productions of those regions, together with observations on the manners of the Indians : embellished with copper-plates / by William Bartram. - Phildelphia : London: Printed by James and Johnson; reprinted for J. Johnson, 1792, 1791. - xxiv, 520 p.; ill.: 21 x 13.5 cm.]

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#25

1795 [Map : Italian]
Zatta, Antonio, fl. 1757-1797
Pitteri, Giovanni Marco, 1703-1786

Stabilimenti de francesci, inglesi, e spagnuoli nelle isole Antille / di nuova projezione; G. Zuliani inc.; G. Pitteri scr. - Venezia: Presso Antonio Zatta, con privilegio dell'Eccmo Senato, 1795. - hand-colored map; 31.5 x 40.5 cm. (framed, 50.5 x 60.5 x 4 cm.) - Private collection.

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#26

1814 [Map : English]
Russell, J.

A chart of the West Indies / Drawn & engraved by J. Russel. - Liverpool, England: Published by Nuttall, Fisher & Dixon, June, 1814. - hand-colored map; 9.5 x 24.5 cm. (framed, 30 x 35 x 3.5 cm) - Private collection.

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#27

1822 [Map : English]
Lucas, F.
Young & Delleker

Geographical, statistical, and historical map of Cuba and the Bahama Islands / [drawn by F. Lucas, Jr.; engraved by Young & Delleker] - [S.l.: s.n.], 1822. - hand-colored map; 43.5 x 54 cm. (framed, 102 x 66 x 3 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "Cuba, Bahama Islands, No. 40" - top right and left corners. - Framed with: Geographical, statistical, and historical map of Florida]

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#28

1822 [Map : English]
Lucas, F.
Young & Delleker

Geographical, statistical, and historical map of Florida / [drawn by F. Lucas, Jr.; engraved by Young & Delleker] - [S.l.: s.n.], 1822. - hand-colored map; 43.5 x 54 cm. (framed, 102 x 66 x 3 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "Florida, No. 37" - top left corner. - Framed with: Geographical, statistical, and historical map of Cuba and the Bahama Islands]

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#29

1823 English Map1823 [Map : English]
Tanner, Henry Schenck, 1786-1858
Vignoles, Charles Blacker, 1793-1875

Map of Florida / compiled and drawn from various actual surveys & observations by Charles Vignoles. - Philadelphia, PA; 1823. - map; 71 x 61 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: "The first map of the United States Territory of Florida was published in Philadelphia in 1823 shortly after it was ceded to the United States by Spain. Also known as the four county map, it was prepared by Charles Vignoles, a former British army topographical engineer with aspirations as a real estate speculator. Appointed surveyor and civil engineer for the city of St. Augustine in 1821, Vignoles conducted field surveys during the next two years by rowboat and horseback, particularly along the northeastern coast. He also traveled by sea to the southern tip of the Florida peninsula and up the west coast to Tampa Bay during a military inspection with General Winfield Scott. His Map of Florida was supplement by his comprehensive promotional tract, Observations Upon the Floridas. Both were prepared for an immigrant market that did not materialize due to a brutal national depression. Although Vignoles' Map of Florida was a financial failure, and few copies survive, it was the first map of Territorial Florida based on direct observation. The map was engraved by Henry Schenck Tanner, one of America's leading map engravers and publishers during the Golden Age of American Cartography, 1820 - 1840. Four counties are shown in the north - Escambia, Jackson, Duval, and St. Johns, along with descriptive labels designed to lure potential settlers such as Rich Lands and Fertile Country. The future town of Miami is indicated by the names Cape Florida Settlem[ment] and Key Biscayne Bluff. Spanish land grants, Indian towns, and Indian trails are scattered throughout the unexplored South Florida. Vignoles is one of the first to apply the name The Everglades for the large track of marshland lying south of the unexplored Lake Okeechobee, which he identifies as Lake Macaco, or Majaco, or Major called Spirito Santo formerly." - Walter W. Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers: Commercial Cartography in the Nineteenth Century (Detroit: Wayne States University Press, 1985),131-132, 191-206; Charles Vignoles, Observations Upon the Floridas (A Facsimile Reproduction of the 1823 Edition with an Introduction and Index by John Hebron Moore) (Gainesville: The University of Florida, 1977), xiii-lxvi; John Matthews Baxter, "An Annotated Checklist of Florida Maps," Tequesta: The Journal of the Historical Association of Southern Florida, 1 (March, 1941), 113; Alfred Jackson Hanna and Kathryn Abbey Hanna, Lake Okeechobee: Wellspring of the Everglades (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1948), 32. - Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#30

1928 English Map1829 [Map : English]
Searcy, I.G.

Map of Florida / constructed principally from authentic documents in the Land Office at Tallahassee by I.G. Searcy. - Tallahassee, FL; Baltimore, MD; I.G. Searcy, 1829. - map; 122 x 94 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: "As the United States acquired new territories, one of its first tasks was to organize the land into six-by-six mile townships divided into thirty-six sections of one square mile each. This system of land division, known as the rectangular survey, produced a settlement landscape pattern unique to the United States and Canada. The surveys were conducted by teams of land surveyors systematically marking and mapping townships range by range. The Florida rectangular survey system was begun in 1824 with the appointment of Robert A. Butler as Surveyor General and the establishment of the Tallahassee Meridian and base line. I. G. Searcy utilized the field notes and maps prepared by the government land surveyors in the preparation of his Map of Florida. By 1829 most of the northwestern counties had been surveyed as indicated on the map. The large square-shaped Spanish land grants or sitios (one square league or larger) in Southern Florida provide an interesting contrast to the grid-like pattern of the American rectangular survey system. A large-scale inset of Tallahassee provides one of the earliest plans of the six-year old territorial government. The initial point of the Tallahassee Meridian and base line is located at the southeaster corner of Capital Square E. The adjoining square (Square F) was given to General Marquis de Lafayette for his services to the United States during the Revolutionary War, a gesture that a number of American cities made to the French war hero." - Ralph E. Ehrenberg, "Taking the Measure of the Land," Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives, 9 (Fall, 1977), 130-131; C. Albert White, A History of the Rectangular Survey System (Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1983), 82. - Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#31

1837 [Map : English]
Williams, J. Lee
Greene & McGowran

Map of Florida / by J. Lee Williams. - New York: Lithographed by Greene & McGowran (No. 30 Wall St.), 1837. - map; 83 x 74 cm., on mat 99.5 x 89.5 cm. - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Relief shown by hachures]

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#32

1839 English Map1839 [Map : English]
United States. Topographical Bureau
Mackay, John
Blake, Jacob E.
Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850
Stone, William James, 1798-1865

Map of the seat of war in Florida / compiled by order of Z. Taylor, principally from the surveys and reconnaissances of the officers of the U.S. Army, by John Mackay and J.E. Blake; W.J. Stone, sc. - Tampa Bay, FL : Head Quarters, Army of the South, 1839. - hand-colored map; 102 x 72 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: Relief shown by hachures. - Shows forts, battle locations, and U.S. line of attack. - "The Second Seminole War, 1835-1842, was a seminal event in the mapping of Florida. By the late 1830s, the Florida coastline and northern tier of counties had been fairly well surveyed and mapped but the southern interior, the homeland of the Seminole Nation, remained virtually a terra incognitae. When the Army of the South under General Zachary Taylor was ordered to remove the Seminoles for transfer to the West, mapmakers of the Corps of Topographical Engineers accompanied it. The Corps of Topographical Engineers was a small, elite Army unit of West Point graduates formed during the War of 1812 to survey and map the American frontier. They prepared the first detailed topographic maps of Florida Territory. Capt. John Mackay and Lieut. Jacob E. Blake compiled the map on display at Fort Brooke on Tampa Bay from field surveys conducted by officers of the Corps of Topographical Engineers and from information obtained from Indian informants. The entire South Florida interior drainage system is depicted for the first time, from Lake Tohopekaliga to Lake Okeechobee, nearly three hundred years after rumors of Florida's great inland lakes first began to circulate among European explorers. Taylor and the Army of the South explored this region during the fall campaign of 1837, which culminated in the Battle of Okeechobee on Christmas day, the last formal engagement of the Seminole War. Other major features found on this map include in Indian route across the Everglades, major battle sites along the Withlacoochee River, military roads, and numerous military posts and forts encircling the Seminole homeland. A number of the Seminole War forts survive in the names of modern communities and cities - Fort Bassinger, Fort Dade, Fort Lauderdale, named for Major William Lauderdale, Fort Pierce, Fort Walton Beach, and Fort White." - Henry P. Beers. "A History of the U.S. Topographical Engineers, 1813-1863," The Military Engineer, 34 (June-July, 1942), 290-291; Allen Morris, Florida Place Names (Coral Gables: University of Miami Press, 1974), 62-63; Alfred Jackson Hanna and Kathryn Abbey Hanna, Lake Okeechobee: Wellspring of the Everglades (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 42-44. - Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#33

1844 [Map : English]
G. & W. Endicott

Sketch of the Southern part of Florida : exhibiting the routes of the detachments that penetrated the Big Cypress in Decr. 1841 and Jany 1842 : also routes across the Everglades and from Fort Lauderdale to Lake Worth and the Everglades. - New York: G. & W. Endicott Lith., [1844] - map; 32 x 35 cm. (framed, 44.5 x 47 x 3 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

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#34

1846 English Map1846 [Map : English]
United States. Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers
Bruff, Joseph Goldsborough, 1804-1889
McClelland, D.

The state of Florida / compiled in the Bureau of Topographical Engineers, from the best authorities; by J. Goldsborough Bruff; D. Mcclelland, sc. - [Washington? ; Bureau of Tropographical Engineers, 1846. - map; 111 x 99 cm. - Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: From U.S. Senate Executive Document 2, Map 2, 30th Congress, 1st Session, 1847-48 (Serial 504). - Insets: Key West. - Mouths of the Suwanee River and the Cedar Keys. - General map of part of Florida included between Cedar Keys and St. Johns River. - Map indicates townships. - "The War Departments continued to revise its war map of Florida as Army topographical engineers completed new surveys. The map on display is the first detailed map of Florida issued after it was admitted to the Union on March 3, 1845 as the twenty-seventh state. A magnificent record of Florida geography at an historic time, it was compiled by J. Goldsborough Bruff, a civilian draftsman and artist with the Bureau of Topographical Engineers in Washington, D.C. After participating in the California Gold Rush, Bruff worked on the U.S. Capitol as an ornamental designer and draftsman in the Office of the Supervising Architect." - Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#35

1870 (1990?) [Survey map (facsimile) : English]
Williams, M.A.

[New River] Township No. 50, South Range, No. 42, East of Principle Meridian / [by M.A. Williams] - Ft. Lauderdale, FL; 1870, 1990?] - map; 46 x 60 cm. - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "The above map of Township No. 50 South of Ranges No. 428 & 43 East of Principal Meridian is strictly conformable to the field notes of the survey on file in this office which have been examined and approved [signed] M.L. Stearns, Surveyor General's Office, Tallahassee Florida, November 30th, 1870." - lower right corner.]

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#36

1870 (1990?) [Survey map (facsimile) : English]
Williams, M.A.

[Middle River] Township No. 49, South Range, No. 42, East of the Principal Meridian / [By M.A. Williams] - Ft. Lauderdale, FL; 1870, 1990?] - map; 46 x 62 cm. - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "The above map of Township No. 49, East of the Principal Meridian is strictly conformable to the field notes of the survey thereof on file in this office which have been examined and approved [signed] M.L. Stearns, Surveyor General's Office, Tallahassee, Florida, November 30th, 1870." - lower right corner]

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#37

1885 [Color lithographic print]
Ogden, Henry Alexander, 1856-1936
United States. Quartermaster's Dept.
G.H. Buek & Co., N.Y. (Lithographers)

Artillery, Infantry, Dragoon [full dress], 1835-1850, XVII / H.A. Ogden. - New York: B.M. Whitlock, Publisher (99 Fourth Ave., N.Y.) (Lith. by G. H. Buek & Co., New York). - lithographic print; 39 x 33 cm. (framed, 50 x 45 x 3.5 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: Seminole War era military uniforms. - "Copyright 1885 by Brig. Gen'l S.B. Holabird, Qr. Master Gen'l U.S.A." - lower left corner. - IN: The army of the United States / Illustrated by forty-four fac-simile plates from water color drawings by H.A. Ogden; text by Henry Loomis Nelson; prepared and executed by the Quartermaster General of the United States, under authority of the Secretary of War. - New York: B.M.Whitlock, 1885. - 2 v.; 44 cm. (v. 2, color plates in portfolio)]

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#38

1885 [Color lithographic print]
Ogden, Henry Alexander, 1856-1936
United States. Quartermaster's Dept.
G.H. Buek & Co., N.Y. (Lithographers)

Artillery, Infantry, Mounted Rifles, Light Artillery, 1855-1858, XVV / H.A. Ogden. - New York: B.M. Whitlock, Publisher (99 Fourth Ave., N.Y.) (Lith. by G. H. Buek & Co., New York). - lithographic print; 39 x 33 cm. (framed, 50 x 45 x 3.5 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: Seminole War era military uniforms. - "Copyright 1885 by Brig. Gen'l S.B. Holabird, Qr. Master Gen'l U.S.A." - lower left corner. - IN: The army of the United States / Illustrated by forty-four fac-simile plates from water color drawings by H.A. Ogden; text by Henry Loomis Nelson; prepared and executed by the Quartermaster General of the United States, under authority of the Secretary of War. - New York: B.M.Whitlock, 1885. - 2 v.; 44 cm. (v. 2, color plates in portfolio)]

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#39

1885 English Map1885 [Map : English]
Beck & Pauli (Lithographers)

Pensacola, Fla. : county seat of Escambia County 1885. - Milwaukee, Wis.: Norris, Wellge & Co., c1885 (Milwaukee, Wis. : Beck & Pauli, Litho) - map; 55 x 67 cm. - Geography & Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

[Notes: Bird's-eye view. - Relief shown pictorially. - Includes illustrations of the New Continental Hotel, the Navy Yards and the Merchant's Hotel, key to points of interest, and directory. - "A characteristically American cartographic form was the panoramic or bird's-eye-view map, which introduced a new graphic method of transmitting geographical information. Panoramic maps are perspective drawings of towns and cities that show street and railroad patterns, individual buildings, and physical landscape features. Dating from about 1868 to the 1920s, they provide unique and distinctive views of the urban landscape. Panoramic maps were often adorned with insets of views of individual buildings or building complexes. They were marketed through door-to-door sales campaigns and newspaper advertisements, and were popular as wall hangings and as promotional aids for real estate agents and chambers of commerce. Panoramic maps were produced for at least ten Florida cities, several in more than one edition." - Prepared by Ralph E. Ehrenberg.]

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#40

1904 [Map : English]
C.S. Hammond & Co. (New York)

Florida. - New York: C.S. Hammond & Co., 1904. - colored map; 28 x 20.5 cm., (framed, 40 x 32 x 3.5 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "Standard atlas of the world." - at top of map. - "Hammond's 8 x 11 Map of Florida." - at bottom of map]

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#41

1906 Photograph-Napoleon Bonaparte in Browardca. 1906 [Photograph]
Broward, Napoleon Bonaparte, 1857-1910

[Governor Broward overseeing dredge construction at Fort Lauderdale, 1906] - [Ft. Lauderdale, FL; ca. 1906] - b&w
photograph; 20.5 x 25.5 cm. - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "Fort Lauderdale News and Sun Sentinel, Photography Department, reorder no. 74-5939 . . . " - on verso of photograph]

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#42

1920 photograph, North New River Canal Lockca. 1920 [Photograph]

[North New River Canal Lock] - [Ft. Lauderdale, FL; ca. 1920] - b&w photograph; 17.5 x 26.5 cm. - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: Mounted on foam core]

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#43

1920 [Photograph]
Broward, Napoleon Bonaparte, 1857-1910

Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, 1857-1910, Governor of Florida, 1905-1909, planner and developer of Everglades drainage. - [Ft. Lauderdale, FL?; 1905-1909?] - 1 b&w photograph; 59.5 x 50 cm. (framed, 89 x 80 x 4 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "'County Gets Picture of N.B. Broward'. In the Courtroom of the County Courthouse how hangs a large picture of ex-Governor Napoleon B. Broward, father of Everglades Drainage and the man after whom Broward County was named. The picture was a gift to the County from the Governor's daughter, Miss Hortense Broward, and was presented through (Federal) Judge Nathan Bryan who notified Hon. Phil N. Bryan of this city and Mr. Bryan brought the matter before the Board of County Commissioners and it was formally accepted and ordered hung in the Courtroom.

The two governors of Florida that stand out like giants in the long line of Florida Governors are Andrew Jackson and Napoleon B. Broward.

Jackson, the one Governor of territorial days that stands as a monument in the early history of the state and Broward, the later governor with a vision that saw the possibilities of an empire in the flooded lands of the Everglades.

As development goes forward in the Everglades the portrait of Governor Broward which now hangs in the courtroom, will be more and more appreciated by people who love the name of Broward. - Ft. Lauderdale Sentinel, 6/11/1920, p. 1"]

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#44

1924 [Map : English]
McConnell
Elliot, F.C.
Real Estate Sales Co., Inc. (Miami, FL)

Florida lands at low prices : large and small tracts, 320 to 5000 acres : buy today, prices are advancing rapidly / Real Estate Sales Co., Inc.; this map copied from information prepared under the direction of F.C. Elliot, Chief Drainage Engineer, Tallahasse, Fla, August 1st, 1924; drawing by McConnell. - Miami: Real Estate Sales Co., Inc., 1924. - colored map; 70 x 41.5 cm. (framed, 82.5 x 54.5 x 3 cm.) - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: "Now $20 an acre. Price to advance $2.00 an acre 1st and 15th of each month." - Coupon in lower left corner. - "Remember: The State Constitution of Florida has been amended to prohibit State Income and Inheritance Taxes. It is our honest opinion that every acre of land in Southern Florida, below the frost line, will sell for $100 an acre within 2 years. Florida will make up 100 years of lost time in the next 5 years. Fortunes have been made in the past five years. Florida can make you independent. Today's prices are ancient history tomorrow - in Southern Florida. Write - phone or wire. Real Estate Sales Co., Inc., 303 E. Flagler St., Miami, Fla. [Phone 5335, Phone 8847]" - "The finest oranges and grapefruit produced in this country are grown in Lee, Collier, Dade and Hendry Counties, Florida. It has recently been demonstrated that high grade cattle of very fine quality can be raised at a lower cost in Florida than in any other state. Land at such a low price that will produce all kinds of crops, grasses, etc., together with grapefruit and oranges, and a splendid stock country, will certainly make the investor a handsome profit."]

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#45

1925 Photography - Ft. Lauderdale Beachca. 1925 [Photograph]

[Ft. Lauderdale's beach from the air, about 1925] - [Ft. Lauderdale, FL; ca. 1925]
b&w photograph; 13 x 19.5 cm. - Broward County Historical Commission.

[Notes: Aerial view of Lake Mabel]
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#46

1931 English Map

1931 [Map : English]

Florida State Department of Agriculture

Historical map of Florida. - [Tallahassee?]: State Department of Agriculture, 1931. - col. map; 66 x 73 cm., on sheet 68.5 x 75.5 cm. - Private collection.

[Notes: Contents: Historical Data Concerning Florida. - "The Record Company, St. Augustine, Fla., U.S.A."]

 

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